Introduction to Law Enforcement


Introduction to Law Enforcement:

DANTES Final Exam Outline 

Each topic will be covered in class. 


History of Law Enforcement (7% - 9%)


  • Pre-colonial heritage and colonial heritage: Policing in the U.S. developed from that in England.

  • 1800s and 1900s: Development and growth of branches as a response to growing cities.

  • Contemporary (2000s): Modern policing and its various forms.

  • Contributions of theorists and practitioners: Changes and developments that occurred as a result of new frameworks.


Overview of United States Criminal Justice System and Process (21% - 23%)


  • Role of police: Maintain order and enforce the law.

  • Role of prosecutors: Prosecutors are lawyers who represent the state or federal government.

  • Role of defense: Defense attorneys defend the accused against the government's case.

  • Role of court: Courts are run by judges, whose role is to make sure the law is followed and to oversee what happens in court.

  • Role of corrections: Correction officers supervise convicted offenders when they are in jail, in prison, or in the community on probation or parole.

  • Measurement of crime: How we view and interpret crime, and the systems developed to record crime.


Law Enforcement Systems in the United States (14% – 16%)


  • Federal: Federal Bureau of Investigations, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, Drug Enforcement Agency, etc.

  • State: State police agencies have jurisdiction statewide, and every state has their own police force, with the exception of Hawaii.

  • Local: The largest number of agencies that employ the most sworn officers

  • Special districts police agencies: A special district that is a separate local governmental agency that is formed to provide local services.


Law Enforcement Organization, Management, and Issues (39% - 41%)


  • Operations: The day-to-day duties and how they are implemented.

    • Infrastructure and hierarchy

    • Line

    • Staff

  • Community relations and policing: Communities rely on departments to protect while the police rely on the community for support.

  • Police issues: The challenges of operating the police in today’s world.

    • Image, professionalism, and subculture

    • Police ethics and discretion

    • Future policing and technology

    • Law enforcement/Public focus and priorities

  • Women and other minorities in policing: The United States police departments must hire people without regard to race or gender.


Criminal and Constitutional Law and Precedents (14% - 16%)


  • The Constitution and Bill of Rights: The backbone of the laws that the police must follow.

  • Supreme Courts case law: Precedents are set that dictate the direction that police take in the future.

  • Federal and local laws and ordinances: Federal jurisdiction vs. Local jurisdiction.