Art of the Western World

DANTES Final Exam Outline

Each topic will be covered in class. 


Ancient World (14% - 16%)


  • Ancient Near East - The Archaic style was a more naturalistic style reflecting significant influences from the Near East and Egypt.

  • Egypt - Art symbolizing images ranging from the pharaoh's regalia to the individual symbols of Egyptian gods and goddesses,

  • Greece - Greeks were influenced by Oriental Motifs, and their art was transformed in the process.

  • Rome - Roman people were interested in portraiture: in making statues that really looked like one particular person, especially a famous person.


Middle Ages (11% - 13%)


  • Early Christian, Byzantine and Romanesque - The Early Middle Ages span from the fall of the Roman Empire in 300 AD to the beginning of the Renaissance in 1400 AD. Romanesque and Gothic art is also known as medieval art.

  • Gothic - The Gothic style was developed in the middle of the twelfth century and is named after the Goths who ruled France.


Renaissance (14-16%)


  • 15th Century Italy - Artist were depicting the real world in a more naturalistic style; classical antiquity served as their models.

  • 15th Century Northern Europe - The philosophical grounds for a lot of the science, music, and art was influenced by humanism.

  • 16th Century Italy - Themes form mythology and other historical events became the focus.

  • 16th Century Northern Europe - Much of the art’s focus shifted to more genre and landscape painting.


Baroque (9% - 11%)


  • Italy, France & Spain - The emotional complexities of the Catholic faith were reaffirmed, and the power and influence of both the church and monarchy were glorified.

  • Holland & Flanders - The style was characterized by secular genres such as still life, genre paintings of everyday scenes, and landscape painting.


Rococo and Neoclassicism (8% - 10%)


From 1760-1850, Rococo was a decorative art style that was fanciful and light-hearted while Neoclassicism was a more serious and gallant style that was more prominent in architecture.


Romanticism and Realism (7% - 9%)


Realism was concerned with the actual and naturalism in the scientific laws while Romanticism sought to find the Absolute, the Ideal, by transcending the actual.


Impressionism and Post-Impressionism (7% - 9%)


Arising in late 19th-century France, artist favored landscapes and scenes of modern life to that of past art or historical and mythological narrative.


Early Twentieth Century (11% – 13%)


Also known as modern Art, this style rejected and challenged all styles that were considered traditional.


Postwar to Postmodern (5% - 7%)


Abstract expressionism to pop art, this period questioned the underlying philosophy of modernism.


Contemporary (4% - 6%)


Also known as modern art, this refers to art created during the current period.